The General Motors Vibration Standard was passed around via this board a couple years ago. Evidently GM freely shares this standard. I recall it employs band alarms. I'm not a band alarm guy, however, so I can't speak to its suitability for that purpose.

I believe the posting for the GM Standard was prior to the recent overhaul of this discussion board. I doubt if a search will find it. I will look for it once I return to work next Tuesday. If somebody else has
There is a drawback in using "standards" in setting up alarms. Let's say for example one uses API 613 to set up alarms for a gearbox. Working through the calculation the allowable vibration is 1 mil pp so one sets an alarm 50% higher at 1.5 mils. The "example" gearbox runs at 0.4 mil pp but one day suddenly jumps to 0.8 mil pp. If you rely to much on the alarm setting this might not be noticed. You could have a tripling of amplitude that would go unnoticed!

There is a school of thought that recommends setting alarms at say 50% above operating point, in the above example at 0.6 mil pp. This would catch the sudden doubling of amplitude. Yes, nuisance alarms might also be the result and you might have to tweak settings ("seat of the pants" method or as someone suggested statistically). And "yes" again if you have multiple machines of the same type you might have different alarm leves for each machine, but again refinement can often come up with a single setting that is reasonable.

There is a school of thought that recommends setting alarms at say 50% above operating point

Dear John
I agree with you that we should not only rely to standards such ISO 10816, VDI 2056,2059 ,... . I believe that they are useful for example for first setup of a vibration analysis program. But as you say, after some month data collection we have a good data base and we can establish alarms based on statistical methods.
Now, I have some questions:
1- Do you have any justification for using 50% increase as a base? Is it usable for Bearing Condition units?

2- I have some books and references about statistical analysis itself. But would you please introduce for me some resourses about how to use statistical analysis for vibration alarm setting?

Last edited by Farahani

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